By Ogbu Kalu
Throughout Africa, Christianity is flourishing in all styles and sizes. yet one specific pressure of Christianity flourishes greater than such a lot -- Pentecostalism. Pentecostals think that everybody can individually obtain the presents of the Holy Spirit similar to prophecy or the power to talk in tongues. In Africa, this type of religion, during which the supernatural is an everyday presence, is sweeping the continent. this day, approximately 107 million Africans are Pentecostals -- and the numbers proceed to upward push. during this ebook, Ogbu Kalu presents the 1st ever review of Pentecostalism in Africa. He indicates the fantastic range of the religion, which thrives in lots of varied varieties in varied neighborhood contexts. whereas most folk think that Pentecostalism used to be delivered to Africa and imposed on its humans by way of missionaries, Kalu argues emphatically that this isn't the case. through the booklet, he demonstrates that African Pentecostalism is pretty African in personality, no longer imported from the West. With an even-handed procedure, Kalu offers the religion's many services in African lifestyles. instead of shying clear of debatable concerns just like the function of cash and prosperity within the circulate, Kalu describes malpractice whilst he sees it. the single ebook to provide a finished examine African Pentecostalism, this learn touches upon the movement's id, the position of missionaries, media and pop culture, girls, ethics, Islam, and immigration. The ensuing paintings will turn out priceless to a person attracted to Christianity open air the West.
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Additional resources for African Pentecostalism: An Introduction
The earliest or classical churches emerged from mainline churches by recovering the pneumatic resources of the translated Bible. Later, new forms appeared that had no linkage with missionary churches. They institutionalized quickly into churches, and equally deployed traditional symbols or ingredients of the culture—as mentioned in the category above though to a larger degree. Soon differences among various groups appeared, based on the dosage of traditional religion in the mix: some messianic leaders claimed to be one or the other of the Trinity; the revivalistic promoted the ideological signiﬁcance of indigenous religion by privileging the resonance with Christian symbols; the vitalistic tapped occult powers; and the nativistic were virtually indigenous cults operating with Christian symbols and paraphernalia.
The Welsh phenomenon had an equally wide impact. Revivals broke out in distant places as people listened to the story of what happened in other places; thus, the events in Mukti were connected with the outbreak of Pentecostalism in Valparaiso, Chile. A keen eye to periodization helps us to reconstruct the genealogies and the changing faces of the move- oriki 21 ment. 40 For African Pentecostals, other directions and connections developed beyond the American connection: Rosalind Hackett has explored the intersouthern hemisphere connections, and Matthew Ojo probed the intra-African networks.
The Ethiopianism movement should be reimagined as an early expression of the interior of African spirituality. It operated within the church to promote bakuzufu 33 Christianity, but of a different kind: one that was sensitive to the African environment and the dignity of people. Its concern was the modus in which the faith was communicated. Ethiopianism was biblically rooted on an ancient prophetic promise. The exegeses of the passage inspired generations of Africans in diaspora in the Americas, which explains the connection between African Americans and the movement.
African Pentecostalism: An Introduction by Ogbu Kalu